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中国拟推智能手机监管法规 引业界担忧

日本毛片高清免费视频 www.djystgb.com   Regulations proposed by the Chinese government for the country’s burgeoning smartphone market, already the largest in the world, are prompting concern from industry groups representing companies such as Apple Inc. and Google Inc.

  中国政府针对本国迅速成长且已居世界第一的智能手机市场拟议的监管法规引起代表苹果(Apple Inc.)、谷歌(Google Inc.)等公司的行业团体的担忧。

  The draft law, for which the public-comment period ends this weekend, is the beginning ofChina’s effort to regulate the fast-growing mobile-applications market and could force industry leaders to censor what applications they offer, build phones with China-mandated securityrequirements and include features that would help the government identify users.

  《关于加强移动智能终端进网管理的通知》(征求意见稿)公开征求意见的时间即将于本周末结束。这标志着中国开始采取措施监管快速成长的移动应用市场,并可能会强制要求业内领头企业审查它们提供的应用程序,按中国安全规范生产手机,并加入有助于政府识别手机用户的功能。

  China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology says the proposed rules are designed toprotect the personal information of smartphone users. Chinese media have reported that theregulation would target malicious software─common on cheap, unbranded smartphones inChina-that can steal users’ personal information and incur charges by sending text messages.

  中国工业和信息化部说,这些拟议中的规定是为了?;ぶ悄苁只没У母鋈诵畔?。中国媒体曾报道,这部法规将打击可能窃取用户私人信息、通过发送短信产生费用的恶意软件。这类软件在中国价格便宜的无牌智能手机上相当常见。

  Industry groups say the effect on companies would likely be higher costs and slower growth in one of the most important markets for electronics suppliers. Apple sold two million smartphones inChina in the first quarter, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. sold 7.8 million and Motorola MobilityHoldings Inc. sold 1.5 million, according to Analysys International.

  行业团体认为,这些规定可能会造成企业成本增加,并使电子产品供应商在世界最重要的市场之一的增长速度放缓。据易观国际(Analysys International)的数据,今年一季度苹果在中国市场卖出智能手机200万部,三星电子(Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.)卖出780万部,摩托罗拉移动公司(Motorola Mobility Holdings Inc.)卖出150万部。

  The size of China’s total smartphone market has more than tripled in less than three years, with 31.2 million smartphone devices sold in the first quarter, compared with just 7.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2009, Analysys says.

  不到三年时间,中国智能手机市场的总体规模就扩大了三倍还多。据易观国际的数据,今年一季度中国市场智能手机销量为3,120万部,相比之下2009年第四季度的销量才720万部。

  The rapid adoption of new mobile devices and applications by Chinese consumers has outpaced authorities’ ability to regulate them. China’s mobile-apps market currently is largelyunregulated.

  中国消费者接纳新手机和应用程序的速度已经超出了有关部门监管能力的提升速度。目前中国的移动应用市场基本上处于无监管状态。

  The proposed measures mandate that handset makers ensure that preloaded apps and those made available through other means meet with Chinese laws in order to be licensed to sell the phones in China. That could mean companies would be forced to remove applications deemedoffensive or antigovernment by China from devices and app stores offered on phones.

  征求意见稿规定,手机生产商要获得在中国市场出售手机的牌照,必须确保预装的、或以其他方式提供用户安装的应用软件遵守中国法律。这意味着企业将被迫从手机上、从手机应用商店中删除被中国视为有冒犯性或反政府的应用程序。

  The proposed law also says new phones must be made in accordance with Chinese standards. If new standards put forth by the government-guided China Communications StandardsAssociation are approved, the law could force handset makers to cooperate with China’s government to identify customers and track their app use.

  征求意见稿还规定,新手机必须按中国标准生产。如果政府指导下的中国通信标准化协会(ChinaCommunications Standards Association)制定的新标准得到批准,拟议中的法规就有可能强制要求手机生产商配合中国政府识别用户身份并跟踪他们对应用软件的使用。

 
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